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History of scuba diving

The history of scuba diving can be traced back to 1825, when William James developed a compressed air container that fit around a diver’s waist. James developed the design, but no record was made of him using the device. The first recorded dive using a self-contained breathing apparatus was done by Charles Condert. Condert designed a horseshoe-shaped air container mounted to a helmet that allowed for constant flow of air to the head device. The diver used the helmet design many times, but died in 1832, because of a broken air tube.

In 1865, two Frenchman by the names of Rouquayrol and Denayrouse used a metal container that allowed the diver to breath air at the same pressure that was in the water. It helped greatly in the development of wreck and sponge diving.

Commandant Yves Le Prievr of the French Navy developed a light weight, self-contained breathing apparatus and also started a diving club in Paris. Although Yves Le Priever’s invention helped progress the idea of underwater diving, the machine was still not fully automatic.

The first fully automatic aqualung was made by Frenchman Georges Commeinhes and had a pressure of 150 bars. In 1942, in what could be considered one of the biggest moments in scuba diving history, Jacques Cousteau created an aqualung with the help of Emile Gagnan that was fully automatic as well. It had a inlet and exhaust tube that was fully automatic, and helped pave the way for modern scuba diving.

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